Jewish Culture II_ The Anniversary of Holocaust

This event I went today is very sorrow – the anniversary of holocaust, which is held on the fifth avenue in NY. This is the host. The whole event is held according to Jewish tradition.


This is the guest speaker, Prof. Elie Wiesel, Nobel Peace Prize winner. He is 86 years old now, one of the survivors of Holocaust. He dedicates his whole life to academic and pursuit of peace after rescue. If you could spare some time clicking this photo to see his face, you would feel his pain. His parents and one younger sister all died in concentration camp while he and two other older sisters were rescued.



The last ritual is to pray for the 1.5 million children victims, aging from infants to ten years old. Each one has a different list in his hand. The host asks everyone to stand up and pray aloud, instead of whispering, to show respect for the victims. During this ritual, he sings Jewish songs. Although I cannot understand the lyrics, the melody is able to make everyone weep. There are tears from the prayers.


Philadelphia II

Only when you arrive in Philly can you understand how famous Benjamin Franklin is. As the famous politician, writer, publisher, you can sense his influence wherever you go. Apart from his contribution to electricity, he also had a huge impact on Independence War and education. This is his tomb together with his wife. There are some pennies on his tomb. A penny is similar to the pronunciation of Pennsylvania. This also shows his great contribution to Pennsylvania.



Quaker is a sect of Christian. This sect originated from England and the believers moved here due to dissatisfaction with English church. They believe that God would speak directly to everyone, so there is no need for a mediator. This is their church. They do not need a priest or any ritual. The only thing to do in church is to pray, mediate and communicate with God. Most early settlers here were Quakers.



Another famous fact of Philly is that this is where the national flag was born. The designer and maker were all from Philly. This is the residence of the maker Betsy Rose.


The reason why U.S is a superpower is related to its Christian tradition. However, the over pursuit of freedom has made some of its laws off the nature of Christianity.


This is the old residence of Benjamin Franklin. He had a legendary life. He loved to read at an early age and had a great memory. Although he was born in Boston, in order to live a different life, he went to New York alone. He heard that there was a print shop in Philly so he walked to Philly from NY. It took 2.5 hours from Boston to NY and 1.5 hours from NY to Philly by train. You could imagine how much courage it needs to walk such a long walk. In addition, most of the places were still barren back to 18th century.
American Independence Hall. U.S Constitution and the Declaration of Independence were all born here. Pennsylvania is one of the earliest thirteen states of U.S. Philly was the first capital for ten years because at that time, Washington DC was still a barren land. History is easy to forget. These might be history for us but people then were willing to exchange their life to win independence and liberty.